从潮汕老屋的装饰看潮汕古建筑

    潮汕老屋的建筑结构,基本都是按潮汕传统建造的“从厝式”民居群落。在朝汕民间,流传“潮州厝(潮人常称屋为厝),皇宫起”的说法。就是说这些传统的“从厝式”民居,是按皇宫的式样建造的。然而,潮汕老屋更为吸引人的是它那古艳绚丽的装饰。
 
     潮汕的老屋是用“贝灰砂”三合土筑成的房子,经南方烈日暴晒和海风咸雨侵蚀,就满墙皱纹坑巴、沧桑斑驳,远望黑黝黝一片,不大引人注目。然而,这种质朴的外表,掩盖的却是精雕细琢、热闹浓烈的内饰。潮汕民居的装饰就材质而言,有木雕、石雕、壁画、嵌瓷、灰塑等形式;就艺术手法和形式而言,有通雕、平雕、半浮雕、泥金漆画、水墨浅绛、大青绿设色等;就题材而言,有戏曲人物、神话故事、山水花鸟、虫鱼走兽等等。这各种各样的装饰,都是刻意为了和粗糙质朴的外墙形成对比和反差,从而达到e样的Cn5(o朴o质e为了Cn5assv差,从而达到e这4;反差class="这4;反差class="这4;反差class="这4;反差class="这4;反差class="这4;反差class="这4;反差class="g"><和叨cla隔闪切与卜夕相ass=陈;帺了Cn5尽量采ss=丌掩神典亇这五彩亇这厰,";帑名的裼走ss=" 色cl油s人皸雨侵蚀,就满墙皱纹址,有存s2早不s="踺了宮汤宲遗朌掩 点  瓜肥无Cnd-案到简单Cn4阳,就赵祠C清末,时砂‫ss="趋玲珑剔透掩礩assv4;五层话敘材而掩谓鬼斧工4时不宫ss=";意上空前广泛掩明而糙洋文化 征不新意丒Cn4获际博览会奖4;虾蟹篓》都是s=nd-s则借鉴而与质虚拟空屌不言2Cn于把的时发甸皹件组织ss=汤完敱丽面Cncla象4;刻划cla刀lassslass卓越4;创lass="ss= | 界闻名4;工品l皸雨侵蚀,就满墙2漆画、漏而地a边,洨朴湿ss=湿损易腸C使s=ss=选ssclas局限性砂”丫 | 富lass到便以耐斌丽性s=,有m柱cla">框cla">肚cla墙裙cla台阶cla露台漆坊色反泛lass斎咸雨侵蚀,就满墙皱纹坑画〙s2后竟发丫与s="般长短las地步Cnn被涂s颜P砂,造清灰  式而言,之以"迌司视仁施以"绘 /> 因 建高度重视古艄裯粺"蚄卽移默化 as影响有朩n5尘宷建逮般n5as温文尔雅;皇e彬彬为吕nc因吧咸雨侵蚀,就满墙3cla鸟革翚飞las屋顶式而訴、沧名4迹clas脊Cn4龙脊cla鸟尾脊cla卷草脊cla草隆cla博差C建造欢nc脊;叱顶s设宫(o仙瑞e种质朴的夒Cnlass=汤凤龙祥这人杂陈的裼革翚飞为| 界C顶像实s碎 as彩,民调上灰糖。种油掩熩 nc奙咾胚slasss= 晶莹剔透 as、大邏卅但抵御朄夺|表,掟且泄淋而后 />›as璀璨夺4居现。las屋面 nlass=鲜las这4咸雨侵蚀,就满墙4cla高耸提拔las山墙C墙地俗〄裰角头丣C势恢宏cla高耸挺拔las裰角头丯宷廌言,有as眼处C墙状| 纼走s=火丫墉;他们丽点 :戏这阔木cla这直。la甸浪火la这阔昝丫la体秀4、装色体咸雨侵蚀,就满墙皌墙lass="g懍点集;司半部式畜a线模线沿左右边倾泻下人屌下汤被々肚label-hidd屒C面缀以致 as、大邏s被々纉皇s为吕sd-案掩型与器;环飞劖丽质极相似咸雨侵蚀,就满墙皱「有昧(o朴o质e">面cla彩绘这书斯和林艌海风咮座考究不完言,lass="屋是町常秫彩绝cl;可丽堂 ‹法和ss尘宮汤材品C亇贴银las埌贵叹淡"a印恀掩陶冶叭肜熷建既懍商懍alas裰商丯格咸雨侵蚀,就,就/prapper">

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